MUSEUM

The Museum of Military Uniforms

Unique project of the Russian military historical society
The Museum of Military Uniforms is a unique project from the Russian Military Historical Society (RVIO). Its main goals are to preserve and share Russian military customs and courtesies. The museum is notable for its wide implementation of state-of-the-art multimedia technologies, which provide easy and effective access to narrative and visual presentations on Russian military clothing from the 16th–21st centuries as well as Russia's military history in general.

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'Dressed up! #смотримузей' virtual tours
The 'Dressed up! #смотримузей' series of virtual tours allows visitors to experience the museum's exhibits from the comfort of their own home as well as learn interesting facts about Russian military clothing from the time of Peter the Great to the present day.
'Uniform of the Imperial Life-Guards Horse Regiment'
Virtual tours explores the era of Catherine the Great and the standard military tunic of the Imperial Life-Guards Horse Regiment.
'Catherine the Great's Uniform Dress'
One of the biggest attractions in the museum's collection is Catherine the Great's uniform dress, modelled after the uniform of the Life-Guards Horse Regiment.
'The Siege of Sevastopol and the Crimean War'
Take a tour through Nicholas I's rule, the Crimean War and the Siege of Sevastopol with our guide Denis Petrov."
'Uniform of the Russian Cuirassiers in 1812'
This tour tells the story of the Battle of Borodino and introduces the Russian Cuirassiers with their uniforms and armaments. View the garments and weapons of the Russian Cuirassiers in close-up detail in the form of a historical recreation of a non-commissioned officer of the Novgorod Cuirassier Regiment. The tour is presented by the architect, designer and re-enactor Aleksey Temnikov.
'Military Reforms under Alexander II'
This tour presents the new types of Russian military uniform introduced under Alexander II's reforms and features unique exhibits from the museum's collection. The tour is led by the museum's archivist Svetlana Nadykta.
'War and Finance'
This tour examines the economic backdrop to the Russian army in the early 19th century and explains how the abolition of serfdom and economic changes within the Russian Empire influenced military service among nobles. What does the nickname 'Gvardeyskaya Ekonomka' (Guards' Discount Shop) refer to? Who were the 'little red devils'? The tour is guided by architect, designer and re-enactor Aleksey Temnikov.
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'Nizhegorodsky Dragoon Regiment'
This is the regiment where the renowned poet Lermontov served in the Caucasus. In 1834 the emperor granted the regiment a special uniform to mark its outstanding achievements in the Caucasus. Members of the Nizhegorodsky Dragoon Regiment at various points include Alexander II, Alexander III, Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich of Russia and Alexei Nikolaevich, the last heir apparent to the throne of the Russian Empire. The tour is led by our guide Denis Petrov.
'Russian Imperial Military Uniform Buttons'
Visitors will learn when the first buttons of the Russian military uniform were introduced, and what purpose they served in the time of Peter the Great. What is the connection between military uniform buttons and table etiquette? Where does the tradition of open wrist buttons during the time of Alexander I come from? When were the distinctive marks on military uniform buttons introduced? What changed about military buttons in the 20th century? What was the permitted weight of a button in the USSR under the national standard (or GOST)? What materials were used to manufacture buttons at various points? This tour was created by Marina Andreyeva, head of Scientific Research Department.
'Notable Features of the Military Uniform in the Time of Peter the Great'
This tour educates visitors on the infantry at the Battle of Poltava, the tactics and weapons used and how strategic supplies were stored. It features a uniform and armaments remodelled for a historical re-enactment of a Smolensk Infantry Regiment musketeer from 1709.
'Russian Grenadier Caps'
Grenadier units were first introduced in Russia at the time of Peter the Great and disbanded during the Russian Revolution in 1917. The museum's guide will show in detail the primary weapon of grenadiers from which the name of the unit was derived. Visitors will learn what changes were introduced to the grenadier cap over the years and what regiment managed to reserve their caps until the 20th century because of their distinguished performance. Several types of grenadier caps from the Hero's Uniform exhibition will be on display.
'The Reign of Peter the Great'
The tour studies the storehouse (Store of Samples) for military uniforms established by Peter the Great on which the museum's collection is based, types of units in Peter's army, dragoons, and grenadier recruitment. The restored uniform and armament of Lutskiy Dragoon Regiment grenadiers from 1707 will be on display.
'Budenovka'
The Russian Revolution of 1917 necessitated the implementation of a special uniform for the soldiers of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army. A new military hat, popularly known as 'budenovka', was introduced around that time. This tour reveals the inspiration behind the hat distinctive shape reminiscent of a helmet of legendary Russian folklore heroes (bogatyrs), as well as the materials of the hat, the meaning of a famous red broadcloth star on the front, and other curious facts. The tour is led by Sergey Kobelev, a museum's guide.
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'Pelisse. Hussar uniform'
Since the time of the earliest Hungarian hussars in the 15th century, a hussar uniform took on many different vibrant forms and colours in various countries. Hussars, Russian hussar regiments, the origins of the words by a French general: "Any hussar who is not dead by the age of 30 is a blackguard," and the story behind the Russian word 'halyava' (eng. 'for free') from the 19th century.
'A Corpse of Drums. Uniform'
Visitors will be introduced to a military band service in details. Back in the old days, music was at the core of military communication. All the orders were repeated by musicians in formation. Outside the battlefield, all the daily activities of the soldiers were also accompanied by musical signals.
'Russian Cavalry. Episode 1'
The tour examines the earliest reforms in the history of Russian cavalry, the first stud farm in Alexandrov, and the subsequent development and improvement of military horse breeding in Russia. What is a remount service in the cavalry? Who was hired for service in the Russian army during the reign of Alexei Mikhailovich? Where did the broadsword come from?
'Russian Cavalry. Episode 2'
The second part of the tour considers the stud farms founded by count Alexei Grigoryevich Orlov, and horse markets or 'torzhishche' where the army remount service selected horse breeds for various cavalry regiments. How long did a horse serve in the army? Why did the Russian Don turn out ineligible for cavalry? More on all of that in the latest episode of "Dressed up! #смотримузей.
'Dressed up! #слушаймузей'
This series of lectures from the Museum of Military Uniforms is a new educational project aimed at sharing the history and culture of Russia and other countries around the world.
'Marshals of France under Louis XIV'
This video lecture by Aleksandr Viktorovich Bespalov is devoted to the life and deeds of two Marshals of France: James Fitzjames, Duke of Berwick, and Pierre de Montesquiou, Comte d'Artagnan.
'Efforts by the Soviet Union to deter the Nazis' aggression'
The lecture studies the foreign-policy activities of the USSR and the strategies which were implemented on both Western and Eastern fronts. By professor Alexei Yurievich Plotnikov, PhD in History (Doctor of Historical Science).
'Normandie-Niemen Fighter Regiment. Dmitry Khazanov'
The video lecture by a famous military historian, author of multiple research papers on the history of aviation of the Great Patriotic War. The lecture explains the story behind a world-famous, yet underreported, French-Russian bombing cooperation, namely Normandie-Niemen Fighter Regiment which gathered hundreds of French volunteers and their Soviet brothers-in-arms in combat against the common enemy.
'Normandie-Niemen Fighter Regiment. Dmitry Khazanov'
The video lecture by a famous military historian, author of multiple research papers on the history of aviation of the Great Patriotic War. The lecture explains the story behind a world-famous, yet underreported, French-Russian bombing cooperation, namely Normandie-Niemen Fighter Regiment which gathered hundreds of French volunteers and their Soviet brothers-in-arms in combat against the common enemy.
We are grateful to everyone who joined the project. The contents of this page are updated every day. Thank you very much for your assistance and support!
General information partner

Moscow City Tourism Committee
presstourism@mos.ru

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